Snow Plow Maintenance: Evaluation and Upkeep of Snow Removal Equipment


The efficiency and safety of snow removal operations heavily depend on the condition of the equipment used. This article emphasizes the importance of regular evaluation and maintenance of equipment before the snow removal season.

Equipment Checklist

Snowplow Vehicle Maintenance

  • Inspection Form: Create a form to be filled out by operators before they leave the yard.
  • Engine: Check oil levels, cooling system, and filter condition.
  • Transmission: Inspect transmission fluid and look for any leaks.
  • Tires: Ensure they are not flat or damaged and check the pressure to guarantee optimal traction.
  • Clean the windows to ensure the best possible visibility and clean them as needed.
  • Hydraulic Systems: Inspect hoses, seals, and pumps for any leaks or wear.
  • Blades: Check structural integrity, fastenings, and functionality.
  • Plow: Inspect the blade, pivot mechanism, and lifting system. Regular snowplow maintenance is crucial to ensure the blade’s performance during snow plowing.
  • Salt Spreaders: Check the distributor, tank, and control mechanisms.

Auxiliary Equipment

  • Signaling Devices: Ensure the flags installed on the plow/blower are present, in good condition, and securely attached.
  • Lights: Check their functionality, including turn signals and beacons: activate them from inside the vehicle and step outside to ensure they are working properly.
  • Communication Systems: Test radios and other communication devices to ensure clear and continuous communication.


These checks should be performed regularly to ensure the safety and efficiency of snow removal operations.

Snowplow Maintenance Plan

Mechanical Maintenance

  • Oil Changes: Perform regular oil changes to keep the engine in good condition.
  • Brake Inspections: Check brake pads, discs, and fluids to ensure safety.
  • Electrical System Maintenance: Inspect batteries, wiring, and connections to prevent electrical failures.

Software Updates

  • For vehicles and equipment equipped with technologies (GPS, fleet management systems), it is crucial to keep the software up to date to ensure optimal functioning.

Preventive Replacement of Worn Parts

  • Identify and replace parts that show signs of wear to prevent breakdowns and maintain equipment performance.


Implementing a preventive snow plow maintenance plan is essential to ensure the proper functioning and longevity of snow removal equipment. Regular plow maintenance and timely repair reduce the risk of unexpected breakdowns and ensure consistent efficiency throughout the season.

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